Bioavailability studies of theophylline ethylcellulose microcapsules prepared by using ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer as a coacervation-inducing agent.

Abstract Text

The bioavailability of theophylline microcapsules prepared by using ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymer as a coacervation-inducing agent was studied in rats. The dissolution rate of the microcapsules was determined by the rotating-basket and rotating-bottle methods. The higher the concentration of EVA copolymer used, the more sustained was the release of theophylline from the microcapsules. The mean maximum serum levels (Cmax) and time to maximum serum levels (tmax) were not significantly different for theophylline microcapsules prepared by a lower concentration of EVA copolymer (0 and 0.83%, respectively), compared with those for theophylline powder; whereas a significant difference was found when the higher concentration of EVA copolymer was used (greater than 1.7%). With regards to the area-under-the-curve (AUC) value, there was no significant difference between the theophylline powder and theophylline microcapsules. The elimination kinetics and the corresponding half-life (t1/2) were significantly different when the concentration of EVA copolymer was greater than 3.3%. From the above results, it is evident that theophylline microcapsules prepared by using 3.3 and 5.0% EVA copolymer as the coacervation-inducing agent may act as sustained-release dosage forms. The correlation between the dissolution rate in vitro and the bioavailability in rats for theophylline microcapsules was investigated. The mean Cmax and tmax correlated well with the time taken to release 75% of the drug in vitro (t 75%); however, the mean AUC showed no valid correlation with t 75%. This implies that the dissolution rate correlated better with the rate of absorption (Cmax, tmax) than with the extent of absorption (AUC).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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Citation:- Lin SY, Yang SY, .Bioavailability studies of theophylline ethylcellulose microcapsules prepared by using ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer as a coacervation-inducing agent. Journal of pharmaceutical sciences 1987-Mar;76()219-23 DOI:



Details of Journal

Journal Title - Journal of pharmaceutical sciences

ISSN - 0022-3549

Volume - 76

Issue - 3

Publish date - 1987-Mar

Language - eng

Country - UNITED STATES


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